Fever is a temporary increase in body temperature, usually between 36.7 – 37.2 °C.  X Research Sources Fever means the body is fighting an infection or disease. In most cases, fever is beneficial to the body because viruses and bacteria cannot survive at higher temperatures, so fever is a defense mechanism of the body. A fever can make you uncomfortable for a day or two, but if it doesn’t reach 39.4°C in adults and 38.3°C in children, don’t worry. X Trusted Source Mayo Clinic Go to the source Fever usually goes away on its own, but by suppressing dangerously high fevers, you can prevent serious health complications, such as brain damage. Fever can be reduced with home remedies or medication.
Natural way to reduce fever
Be patient and watch the temperature. In most cases, fever in children and adults is just a defense reaction of the body and resolves in two to three days. So during a low fever, you should stay calm (because it’s good for your body) and check your temperature every few hours to make sure it doesn’t rise to dangerous levels. In infants and young children, the best way to take temperature is in the rectum. A fever lasting a week or more is a cause for concern, as is a high temperature (39.4°C in adults and 38.3°C in children).
Remember that fever is always higher at night and after exercise. Other factors such as menstruation, the influence of strong emotions, or being in a hot and humid environment can also temporarily increase body temperature.
In addition to sweating, other symptoms of mild to moderate fever include muscle aches, general weakness, fatigue, tremors, headache, loss of appetite, and a tired facial expression.
Symptoms associated with a high temperature include: hallucinations, confusion, irritability, seizures, and possible loss of consciousness (coma).
If you have a mild to moderate fever, make sure you are drinking enough fluids. Fever causes sweating, which quickly leads to dehydration, so it’s very important that you drink enough.
Undress or remove the blanket. The easiest way as well as common sense will tell you that it is best to put a top or blanket on the bed to reduce body temperature. Clothing and blankets protect our bodies and prevent body heat from escaping. If you’re trying to get rid of a high fever, wear light, breathable clothing and bring a light blanket.
Avoid using clothes and blankets made of artificial materials and wool. Choose cotton because it’s breathable.
Know that heat escapes from the body and limbs. So, if you have a high fever, don’t wear a heavy, warm hat or socks.
Don’t cover up people who have colds because of fever, they can overheat quickly.
Take a cold shower or bath. If you or your child has a high fever and the side effects mentioned above, don’t wait and try to lower your body temperature by taking a cold shower or bath as your body may start shaking and this will calm your rising body temperature. Treat yourself to lukewarm water until it cools down a bit and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. When you are tired, weak, and sore, taking a shower will be easier than taking a shower.
As an alternative to bathing and bathing, you can also make a cold compress. Soak a washcloth or tissue in cold water, wring it out and place it on your forehead. Change the tiles every 20 minutes until the temperature drops.
It’s also a good idea to use a spray bottle filled with clean or distilled water and spray the bottle every 30 minutes to cool it down. Apply water to face, neck and chest for best effect.
drinking enough Staying hydrated is always important, but when you have a fever, it’s even more important because you sweat and lose fluids during a fever. Try to increase your fluid intake by at least 25%. If you’re used to drinking 8 glasses of water a day (the recommended daily amount of water for good health), try drinking at least 10 glasses when you have a fever. Drink ice cold drinks to lower your body temperature. Natural fruit/vegetable juices are great because they give you sodium (the electrolyte you lose through sweat).
Avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks as they will dehydrate you and make you hotter.
If you have a fever but you’re not sweating, drink a hot drink (eg herbal tea) and eat something warm (chicken broth) to make you sweat – your body becomes cold from the evaporation of the liquid.
Sit or lie down near a fan. The fresher and cooler the air flowing around your sweaty body, the more efficiently the fluids evaporate and cool the body. We sweat to keep our blood vessels cool as fluids evaporate from the body. Sitting next to a fan speeds up this process. So, sit or stand next to a fan, set it to medium to medium power and make sure you have lighting for this method to work. You can even take a nap or relax.
However, don’t get too close to the fan and don’t set it to high power. You may feel cold, goosebumps, and your body will start to heat up.
Air conditioning is a good idea if you’re in a hot and humid room, but mechanical fans are better because they don’t cool the entire room quickly.
Reduce fever with medicine
Know when to see a doctor. Fever is usually healthy and should not be controlled with medication, but in some cases it is necessary to prevent future health complications, such as febrile seizures, coma, or brain damage. To understand how fever is treated, you should consult a doctor if your fever does not go away on its own within a few days or if you develop a high fever, the temperature of which we have mentioned above. Your doctor has a special thermometer that you can use to take the temperature in different parts of your body — in your mouth, rectum, armpit, or ear canal.
If your child has a high fever (38.3°C) and the following symptoms, it’s time to take him to the doctor: The child is apathetic, irritable, vomits, doesn’t make eye contact, and has lost most of their sleep and/or appetite.
Adults should see a doctor if they have a high fever (39.4°C) and other symptoms: severe headache, sore throat, skin rash, hypersensitivity, stiff neck, confusion, irritation, chest pain, stomach pain, persistent vomiting , stiffness and tingling of the limbs and/or spasms.
If the high fever is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor may first recommend antibiotics to keep your body under control or to get rid of the infection.
Consider taking acetaminophen (Tylenol). Paracetamol is not only a pain reliever (analgesic), but also a powerful antipyretic, that is, it acts on the cerebral cortex, thereby lowering body temperature. In other words, it works by turning off the body’s thermostat in the brain. Acetaminophen is usually best and safest for children with high fevers (in small doses, of course) and works well for teens and adults as well.
In case of high fever, it is recommended to take a dose of paracetamol every 4-6 hours. For adults, the maximum recommended daily dose of paracetamol is 3,000 mg.
Prolonged and excessive use of acetaminophen can be toxic and cause liver damage. If you are taking paracetamol, you should not combine it with alcohol.
You should try ibuprofen instead. Ibuprofen is also a good antipyretic – according to some studies, it’s even more effective than acetaminophen at reducing fever in children 2 to 12 years of age. However, the biggest problem is that its use is not recommended for children under 2 years (especially not for infants under 6 months) due to possible side effects. Ibuprofen is also an excellent anti-inflammatory drug (unlike acetaminophen, which can be useful if your child has muscle/joint pain in addition to a fever.
Adults can take between 400 and 600 mg every 6 hours to reduce high fever. The dose in children is usually half, but the dose also depends on the child’s weight and other health factors, so it’s best to talk to your doctor about dosing for children.
Excessive or prolonged use of ibuprofen can affect the stomach and kidneys, so you should always take this medication with food. Heartburn and kidney failure are the most serious side effects of this drug. Alcohol should also not be taken at the same time as ibuprofen.
Be careful with aspirin. Aspirin is a good anti-inflammatory drug as well as an excellent antipyretic and is very effective in treating high fever in adults. However, aspirin is more toxic than acetaminophen and ibuprofen, especially for children. Therefore, it should not be used in children and adolescents to reduce fever or treat other problems, especially if you have recovered from a viral infection such as chickenpox or the flu – this is linked to Reye’s syndrome, allergic reactions to persistent vomiting, confusion and liver cause brain failure and damage.
Aspirin is one of the main causes of gastric mucosal irritation and a cause of peptic ulcers because it is one of the most commonly used drugs, especially in the US and Canada. Therefore, always take aspirin after meals.
The maximum daily dose of aspirin in adults is 4,000 mg. If you exceed this dose, you run the risk of stomach irritation, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and blurred vision.