How To Treat A Cleft Lip (

Cut lips are very painful. If not treated properly, irritation can turn into an infection, especially if dirt and foreign objects get into the wound and are not cleaned. In this article, you will learn how to stop bleeding quickly and treat wounds to prevent infection or scarring.

wound cleaning

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

wash your hands Always wash your hands before treating a wound to avoid contamination from anything on your skin. Wash your hands with warm water and antibacterial soap.

If you have vinyl gloves, use them. You can also use latex gloves but you need to make sure the person is not allergic to latex. It is important to keep the wound and hands clean.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Avoid wound contamination. If possible, try to avoid breathing and coughing or sneezing near the wound.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Tilt the victim’s head forward. First sit on top of the person and then tilt his head to the chest. This allows blood to flow from the mouth, which can cause vomiting and choking that is dangerous if swallowed.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Look for related injuries. When a person is injured in the mouth, there are often other related injuries caused by the initial injury. Consult a doctor immediately if any of the situations described below occur.

loose or missing teeth

Fractures of the face or jaw

Difficulty swallowing or breathing

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Find out if the person is vaccinated. If the injury that caused the injury comes in contact with a piece of metal or another contaminated object or surface, the affected person may be at risk of developing a tetanus infection.

Infants and young children should be vaccinated against tetanus at 2 months, 4 months and 6 months and then again at 15 to 18 months with a booster shot at 4 to 6 years.

If the injured person has a dirty wound, make sure they had another tetanus shot in the last 5 years. If not, he should be vaccinated now.

Adolescents and teens should be vaccinated between the ages of 11 and 18.

Adolescents should be vaccinated every 10 years.

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Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Clean your mouth of pulling objects. Tell the person to remove any jewelry that may be around the wound, including a tongue piercing or lip ring. Also remove any food and gum that may have been in your mouth during the injury.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Clean the wound. This step is important to prevent infection and reduce the risk of scarring.

If there are objects (dirt particles) in the wound, wash it under running water.

If the affected person is not feeling well, fill a glass with water and pour it over the wound. Rinse thoroughly.

Use a cotton swab soaked in hydrogen peroxide to clean the wound more thoroughly. However, be careful not to ingest the peroxide.

stop bleeding

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

To press. If the lips are bleeding, the person should press their hand to the lips. If he can’t do it himself and you need to help him, put on rubber gloves.

Using a clean towel or piece of gauze or a bandage, apply gentle but firm pressure to the lips for 15 minutes. If the towel, gauze, or bandage is completely soaked with blood, place another layer over it, but don’t remove the original layer.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Check the wound after 15 minutes. The wound may ooze a little after more than 45 minutes, but if the bleeding continues after the first 15 minutes, you should consult a doctor.

The mouth, including the gums, tongue, and lips, contains many blood vessels and has a large blood supply, so this area bleeds more than the rest of the body.

Apply pressure inward toward the teeth, jaw, or gums.

If the injured person feels uncomfortable, place a piece of gauze or a clean cloth between the tooth and the lip and keep pushing.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

If necessary, consult a doctor. If the bleeding doesn’t stop after 15 minutes of constant pressure, if the person has difficulty breathing or swallowing, if their teeth are loose or if they appear to be in a different position, if you can’t clean the wound completely, or if you’re concerned if the person has a facial injury Otherwise, you should contact your doctor to see if the wound requires stitches or other professional treatment. Do this as soon as possible, as bleeding time and open wounds increase the chance of infection. If in doubt, it is better to consult a doctor.

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If the sore extends to the entire lip, seek medical attention immediately. If the sore is on the red part of the lip, as well as on normal-colored skin above or below the edge (across the bright red border), the person should see a doctor who can suture the lip. Sutures reduce the risk of infection and support wound healing in the best cosmetic way.

Doctors recommend suturing even if the wound is deep and gaping, which means you can place your fingers on both sides of the incision and open it gently with minimal effort.

The doctor may also recommend suturing if there is protruding skin that tears easily.

For deep cuts that require stitches, you should not last more than 8 hours.

wound healing

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Find out what to expect. Minor sores in the mouth heal in 3-4 days. More serious injuries or deeper cuts may take longer to heal, especially if the incision is in a part of your lip that you move around a lot when you eat and drink.

If an injured person consults a doctor, they must follow their instructions, including any prescribed medications, such as: eg antibiotics.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Use a cold compress. An ice pack or several ice cubes wrapped in a clean cloth (or bag) can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Apply a cold compress for 20 minutes, alternating with 10-minute breaks.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Consider using antiseptic products or natural alternatives. Once you have stopped the initial bleeding, the wound will need healing in order to heal cleanly. There is disagreement among medical professionals as to whether the use of antiseptic creams is necessary or even helpful. However, some studies show that this cream can be beneficial in medicine if used properly and appropriately.

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If you decide to use a topical antiseptic cream, you can buy it at any pharmacy, grocery store, or supermarket. When in doubt, ask your doctor or pharmacist which product is most suitable for your wound. Avoid using this product in excess.

Alternatively, you can use honey or granulated sugar. Sugar draws water from the wound and prevents bacteria from getting the moisture they need to grow. Honey also has antibacterial properties. Studies have shown that applying sugar or honey to a wound before dressing helps reduce pain and prevent infection.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Limit the range of motion of the mouth. When a person opens their mouth too wide while yawning, laughing a lot, or eating large meals, they can experience unnecessary pain and wound healing. If the wound is reopened, the infection may recur and the healing process will have to start all over again.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Eat gently. The less you chew, the less likely it is that the wound will reopen. You should also drink as much fluids as possible to keep your tissues and body hydrated. Fluids also help prevent the wound from re-opening.

Avoid contact between the wound and salt or citrus fruits as they can cause an uncomfortable and painful burning sensation.

Avoid hard, crunchy, and spicy foods like potatoes or tortilla chips.

After eating in the morning, run warm water to remove any particles left there.

If the person has difficulty drinking or eating because of the wound, see a doctor.

Jak ošetřit rozseklý ret (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Report any signs of infection to your doctor immediately. Even if you do everything you can to prevent infection and other damage, sometimes infections still find their way. Therefore, contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:

Fever above 38°C

very low body temperature

Redness, swelling, increased heat, pain, or pus at the wound

Decreased urination

fast heart rate

accelerated breathing

nausea and vomiting

Diarrhea

hard to open mouth

Redness, pain, or swelling of the skin around the wound

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